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Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples Zondervan Publishing

Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples

Zondervan Publishing

Published September 16th 2013
ISBN : 9781492742302
Paperback
50 pages
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Active and passive voice - Interchange of active and passive voice, Patterns - 1. first or second form of verb, 2. auxiliary verb be + -ing form of verb, 3. have/has/had + verb third form, 4. present/future modals + verb word, 5. past modals + pastMoreActive and passive voice - Interchange of active and passive voice, Patterns - 1. first or second form of verb, 2. auxiliary verb be + -ing form of verb, 3. have/has/had + verb third form, 4. present/future modals + verb word, 5. past modals + past participle, 6. verb + preposition, 7. main verb + object + complement, 8. main verb + object + object, 9. have/has/had + infinitive (to + verb), 10. auxiliary verb be + infinitive (to + verb), 11. verb + object + infinitive (without to), 12. there + verb be + noun + infinitive, 13. interrogative sentences, 14. imperative sentences, 15. principal clause + that + noun clause (object), use of prepositions - SAMPLE THIS: Active and Passive Voice -- ACTIVE VOICE - Definition -- The form of a verb in which subject is the person or thing that performs the action. PASSIVE VOICE - Definition - The form of a verb in which subject is affected by the action of the verb. Basic Difference between Active and Passive Voice: In Active Voice - Subject performs the action. Examples: They finished the work. He published his novel. She will apply for this job. I purchased new books. In Passive Voice - Subject is affected by the action of the verb. [Thus, object of active voice is highlighted in passive voice] Examples: Work was finished by them. His novel was published by him. This job will be applied by her. New books were purchased by me. - Interchange of Active and Passive Voice - While changing active voice into passive voice, subject in active voice is changed into object (followed by preposition by) and object in active voice is changed into subject. Also remember: Sometimes instead of using preposition by, you may have to use other prepositions. - Important Rules: Changing Active Voice Into Passive Voice -- Rule 1: The object of the active voice becomes the subject of the passive voice. And the subject of the active voice becomes the object of the passive voice. Example: Active Voice - You study English [Subject - You, Object - English] Passive Voice - English is studied by you. [Subject - English, Object - You] Note - You can omit object (subject of active voice) in passive voice if it gives enough meaning. Example: Active Voice - We should respect our elders. [Subject - We, Object - elders] Passive Voice - Elders should be respected by us. [Subject - Elders, Object - us] Or Passive Voice - Elders should be respected. [Subject - Elders, Object - Omitted] -- Rule 2: The verb of the active voice is always changed into past participle (third Form of Verb) in different ways. Some are as follows: Is/am/are/was/were + past participle- Is/am/are/was/were + being + past participle- Have been/has been/had been + past participle- Will be/shall be/can be/may be + past participle- Would be/could be/should be/might be + past participle [Very Important Note - Auxiliary verbs in passive voice are used according to the tense of the sentence] -- Rule 3: Proposition by is used to introduce the passive object (the work was finished by me.). [Sometimes, others prepositions (at, in, with, for) are used instead of by] You should use the passive voice when you just do not know the active subject or you want to make the active object more important. THERE ARE SOME SITUATIONS WHERE PASSIVE VOICE IS NOT POSSIBLE: TENSES Some Tenses Cannot Be Changed Into Passive Voice. These Are As Follows: Present Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense Future Continuous Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense - VERBS Intransitive verbs cant be changed into passive voice because there is no object in intransitive verbs. Note - There are two types of verbs Transitive Verb - Needs Object Intransitive Verb - Dont Need - Object - Examples: Transitive Verb - We applied for a job. There Is Object - a job - in this sentence. Thus, this sentence could be changed into passive voice- Intransitive Verb - We sleep. There is no Object in this sentence. (Thus, passive voice is not poss